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Barrier Also, Tape A starting device used in steeple chasing consisting of an elastic band stretched across the racetrack which retracts when released. Barrier Draw The ballot held by the race club to decide which starting stall each runner will occupy. Bat Also, Stick A jockey's whip. Beard US A friend or acquaintance or other contact who is used to placing bets so that the bookmakers will not know the identity of the actual bettor.
Many top handicappers and persons occupying sensitive positions use this method of wagering. Bearing In Out Failing to maintain a straight course, veering to the left or right. Can be caused by injury, fatigue, outside distraction, or poor riding. Beeswax UK slang term for betting tax. Also known as 'Bees' or 'Ajax'. Bell Lap In harness racing, the last lap of a race, signified by the ringing of the bell. Bet A transaction in which monies are deposited or guaranteed.
Betting Board A board used by the bookmaker to display the odds of the horses engaged in a race. Betting Ring The main area at a racecourse where the bookmakers operate. Betting Tax Tax on a Bookmaker's turnover. In the UK this is a 'Duty' levied on every Pound wagered.
In the latter case, no tax is deducted from the punter's winnings. Bettor US Someone who places or has a bet. A 'Punter' in the UK. Beyer Number A handicapping tool, popularized by author Andrew Beyer, assigning a numerical value to each race run by a horse based on final time and track condition.
This enables different horses running at different racetracks to be objectively compared. Bismarck A favourite which the bookmakers do not expect to win. Blanket Finish When the horses finish so close to the winning line you could theoretically put a single blanket across them. Blinkers A cup-shaped device applied over the sides of the horse's head near his eyes to limit his vision.
This helps to prevent him from swerving away from distracting objects or other horses on either side of him. Blinker cups come in a variety of sizes and shapes to allow as little or as much vision as the trainer feels is appropriate. Board Short for 'Tote Board' on which odds, betting pools and other race information are displayed. Bomb er A winning horse sent off at very high odds. Book A bookmaker's tally of amounts bet on each competitor, and odds necessary to assure him of profit.
Bookie U. Short for bookmaker. The person or shop who accepts bets. Bookmaker Person who is licensed to accept bets on the result of an event based on their provision of odds to the customer. Sportsbook US. Bottle UK slang, odds of 2 to 1. Box A wagering term denoting a combination bet whereby all possible numeric combinations are covered.
Boxed in To be trapped between other horses. Bobble A bad step away from the starting gate, sometimes caused by the ground breaking away from under a horse and causing him to duck his head or go to his knees. Bolt Sudden veering from a straight course.
Book A collection of all the bets taken on fixed odds betting events. Bookmaker Bookie A person registered and licensed to bet with the public. Breakage Those pennies that are left over in pari-mutuel payoffs which are rounded out to a nickel or dime. Breeders' Cup Thoroughbred racing's year-end championship.
First run in Bridge-Jumper US Bettor who specializes in large show bets on odd-on favourites. Bug Boy An apprentice rider. Bull Ring Small racetrack less than one mile around. Buy the Rack US Purchase every possible daily-double or other combination ticket. Canadian Also known as a Super Yankee. A Canadian is a combination bet consisting of 26 bets with 5 selections in different events.
The combination bet is made up of 10 doubles, 10 trebles, five 4-folds and one 5-fold. Card Another term for fixture or race meeting. Caulk Projection on the bottom of a shoe to give the horse better traction, especially on a wet track. Chalk Wagering favorite in a race. Dates from the days when on-track bookmakers would write current odds on a chalkboard.
Chalk Player Bettor who wagers on favorites. Chase See 'Steeplechase'. Checked A horse pulled up by his jockey for an instant because he is cut off or in tight quarters. Chute Extension of the backstretch or homestretch to allow a longer straight run. Client US Purchaser of betting information from horseman or other tipster.
Close US Final odds on a horse e. Confusingly equates to 'Starting Price' in the UK. Closer A horse that runs best in the latter part of the race closing race , coming from off the pace. Co-Favorites Where three or more competitors share the status as favorite. Colors Colours Racing silks, the jacket and cap worn by jockeys.
Silks can be generic and provided by the track or specific to one owner. Colt An ungelded entire male horse four-years-old or younger. Conditional Jockey Same as 'Apprentice' but also allowed to jump. Correct Weight Horses are allocated a weight to carry that is checked before and, for at least the placegetters, after a race. Correct weight must be signaled before bets can be paid out. Daily Double Type of wager calling for the selection of winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second.
See 'Late Double'. Daily Racing Form A daily newspaper containing racing information including news, past performance data and handicapping. Daily Triple A wager where the bettor must select the winner of three consecutive races. Dead Heat A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race. Dead Track Racing surface lacking resiliency. Declaration Of Weights The publication of weights allocated to each horse nominated for a race by the handicapper. Declared In the United States, a horse withdrawn from a stakes race in advance of scratch time.
In Europe, a horse confirmed to start in a race. Deductions When a horse is scratched from a race after betting on that race has already started, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse. Derby A stakes event for three-year-olds. Distanced Well beaten, finishing a long distance behind the winner.
Dog US The underdog in any betting proposition. Dog Player US A bettor who mainly wagers on the underdog. Double Selecting the winners in two specific races. Draw Refers to a horse's placing in the starting stalls. For flat racing only. Stall numbers are drawn at random. Driving Strong urging by rider. Dual Forecast A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first two to finish in either order. Back to Top. An each way bet is when you have the same amount on the horse for a win and for a place.
Bookmakers will give you one quarter of the win odds for a place in fields of eight or more and one third of the win odds in fields of six or seven horses. Each Way Double Two separate bets of a win double and a place double.
Each Way Single Two bets. The first is for the selection to win; the second for it to be placed each way. Eclipse Award Thoroughbred racing's year-end awards, honoring the top horses in 11 separate categories. Enclosure The area where the Runners gather for viewing before and after the race.
Equibase Company A partnership between The Jockey Club and the Thoroughbred Racing Associations to establish and maintain an industry-owned, central database of racing records. Equibase past-performance information is used in track programs across North America.
Evenly Neither gaining nor losing position or distance during a race. Even Money Bet or Evens A bet. Exacta Also, Perfecta A wager that picks the first two finishers in a race in the exact order of finish. Straight Forecast in the UK. Exacta Box A wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are covered.
Exotic wager Any wager other than win, place or show. Exposure The amount of money one actually stands to lose on a game or race. Extended Forced to run at top speed. False Favorite A horse that is a race favorite despite being outclassed by others. Faltered A horse that was in contention early in the race but drops back in the late stages.
Fast track Optimum condition for a dirt track that is dry, even, resilient and fast. Favorite The most popular horse in a race, which is quoted at the lowest odds because it is deemed to have the best chance of winning the race.
Feature Races Top races. Fence The inside fence is the inside running rail around the race track, while the outside fence is the outside running rail. Field 1 All the runners in a race. This is known as favorite vs the field betting and is common in horse and golf betting. Field Horse Two or more starters running as a single betting unit, when there are more entrants than positions on the totalisator board can accommodate.
Filly Female horse four-years-old or younger. Firm track A condition of a turf course corresponding to fast on a dirt track. A firm, resilient surface. First Up The first run a horse has in a new campaign or preparation. Fixed Odds Your dividend is fixed at the odds when you placed your bet.
Fixture See 'Meeting'. Flag A bet consisting of 23 bets a 'Yankee' plus 6 'Single Stakes About' bets in pairs on 4 selections in different event. Flash US Change of odds information on tote board. Flat race Contested on level ground as opposed to a steeplechase. Flatten Out When a horse drops his head almost in a straight line with his body, generally from exhaustion. Foal A baby horse, usually refers to either a male or female horse from birth to January 1st of the following year.
Fold When preceded by a number, a fold indicates the number of selections in an accumulator e. Forecast A wager that involves correctly predicting the 1st and 2nd for a particular event. This bet can be straight, reversed or permed. USA, Perfecta or Exacta. Form Statistics of previous performance and comment as to the expected current performance of a runner, useful in deciding which runner to bet on.
Form Player A bettor who makes selections from past-performance records. Front-runner A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible. Frozen track A condition of a racetrack where any moisture present is frozen. Full Cover All the doubles, trebles and accumulators involved in a given number of selections.
Furlong One-eighth of a mile or yards or feet approx. Futures Also, Ante Post Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event. Gait Harness horses are divided into two distinct groups, pacers or trotters, depending on their gait when racing.
The gait is the manner in that a horse moves its legs when running. The pacer is a horse with a lateral gait, whereas a trotter or square-gaiter has a diagonal gait. Gate Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from. Gelding A male horse that has been castrated. Gentleman Jockey Amateur rider, generally in steeplechases. Going The condition of the racecourse firm, heavy, soft, etc.
Good track Condition between fast and slow, generally a bit wet. A dirt track that is almost fast or a turf course slightly softer than firm. Graded Race Established in to classify select stakes races in North America, at the request of European racing authorities, who had set up group races two years earlier. Capitalized when used in race title the Grade I Kentucky Derby. See 'Group Race' below.
Graduate Winning for the first time. Green An inexperienced horse. Group Race An elite group of races. Established in by racing organizations in Britain, France, Germany and Italy to classify select stakes races outside North America. Collectively called 'Pattern Races'. Equivalent to North American graded races. Always denoted with Arabic numerals 1, 2, or 3. Capitalized when used in race title the Group 1 Epsom Derby.
See 'Graded Race' above. Hand Four inches. A horse's height is measured in hands and inches from the top of the shoulder withers to the ground, e. Thoroughbreds typically range from 15 to 17 hands. Handicap 1 Race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried.
Each horse is allocated a different weight to carry, the theory being all horses then run on a fair and equal basis.. Handicapper The official who decides the weights to be carried in handicap events, and the grading of horses and greyhounds. Hand Ride The jockey urges a horse with the hands and arms without using the whip. Hard track A condition of a turf course where there is no resiliency to the surface. Head A margin between horses.
One horse leading another by the length of its head. Head Of The Stretch Beginning of the straight run to the finish line. Heavy track Wettest possible condition of a turf course, similar to muddy but slower; not usually found in North America. Hedge The covering of a bet with a second bet. Hedging A bet made by a cautious bookie on a horse on which he has accepted large bets - in order to cut his losses if the horse wins also known as a 'lay-off bet'. Heinz A Heinz is a multiple bet consisting of 57 bets involving 6 selections in different events.
The multiple bet breakdown is 15 doubles, 20 trebles, 15x4-folds, 6x5-folds and one 6-fold. High Weight Highest weight assigned or carried in a race. Home Turn The final turn a horse must travel around before entering the home straight in the run to the finish line. Horse When reference is made to sex, a 'horse' is an ungelded male five-years-old or older. Hung A horse holding the same position, unable to make up distance on the winner.
Impost Weight carried or assigned. In Hand Running under moderate control, at less than best pace. Inquiry Reviewing the race to check into a possible infraction of the rules. Also, a sign flashed by officials on the tote board on such occasions. If lodged by a jockey, it is called an objection. In The Money Describes the horses in a race that finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd and sometimes 4th or the horses on which money will be paid to bettors, depending on the place terms.
Investor A bettor. A person at a licensed race meeting who bets with a bookmaker or the totalisator, or a person not present at the meeting, but places bets on the horses engaged at that meeting with the off-course totalisator. Joint Favourites When a sportsbook or bookmaker cannot separate two horses or teams for favouritism, they are made joint favourites. Judge The person who declares the official placing for each race. Juice The bookmaker's commission, also known as vigorish or vig.
Jumper Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Jolly The favourite in a race. Judge The official who determines the finishing order of a race. Juvenile Two-year-old horse. Key Horse The main expected winning horse used in multiple combinations in an exotic wager. Late Double A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program. See 'Daily Double' above. Lay Off, Layoff Bets made by one bookmaker with another bookmaker, in an effort to reduce his liability in respect of bets already laid by him with investors.
Leg In To nominate one runner to win with a selection of other runners. Quinella bet with selection 4 to win, from runners 5, 7, 8 and 9 to come second, in any order. Length A measurement approximating the length of a horse from nose to tail, about 8 feet, used to denote distance between horses in a race. For example, "Secretariat won the Belmont by 31 lengths". Lengthen The opposite of 'Shorten'. Referred to odds getting longer, that is, more attractive to the bettor. Listed Race A stakes race just below a group race or graded race in quality.
Lock As in 'Banker' US term for an almost certain winner. Easy winner. Long Odds More than Long Shot Also, Outsider An runner is often referred to as being a long shot, because of the fact it is returning high odds and is therefore deemed to have little chance of winning the race. Lug In Out Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course.
Maiden 1 A horse or rider that has not won a race. Maiden Race A race for non-winners. Mare Female horse five-years-old or older. Market The list of all horses engaged in a race and their respective odds. Meeting A collection of races conducted by a club on the same day or night forms a race meeting. Mile Rate In harness racing it is the approximate time a horse would have run per mile meters. Minus Pool A mutuel pool caused when a horse is so heavily played that, after deductions of state tax and commission, there is not enough money left to pay the legally prescribed minimum on each winning bet.
The racing association usually makes up the difference. Money Rider A rider who excels in rich races. Morning Glory Horse who performs well in morning workouts but fails to fire in actual races. Morning Line Approximate odds quoted before wagering begins.
Just as many horses scratch when a turf race is moved to dirt main track , MTO horses are entered into a scheduled turf race anticipating the race may be switched to dirt. Turf races occasionally include MTO entrants. They will be added into the field if the race is taken off the turf and scratches can accommodate them. Mudder A horse that races well on muddy tracks. Also known as a 'Mudlark'. Muddy track A condition of a racetrack which is wet but has no standing water. Mutuel Pool Short for 'Parimutuel Pool'.
Sum of the wagers on a race or event, such as the win pool, daily double pool, exacta pool, etc. Nap The selection that racing correspondents and tipsters nominate as their strongest selection of the day or meeting. Reputed to stand for 'Napoleon'. National Thoroughbred Racing Association NTRA A non-profit, membership organization created in to improve economic conditions and public interest in Thoroughbred racing.
Neck Unit of measurement about the length of a horse's neck. Nod Lowering of head. To win by a nod, a horse extends its head with its nose touching the finish line ahead of a close competitor. Nominations The complete list of runners entered by owners and trainers for a race.
Nose Smallest advantage a horse can win by. Called a short head in Britain. Nursery A handicap for two-year-old horses. Oaks A stakes event for three-year-old fillies females. Objection Claim of foul lodged by rider, patrol judge or other official after the running of a race.
If lodged by official, it is called an inquiry. Odds The sportsbook's or bookmaker's view of the chance of a competitor winning adjusted to include a profit. The figure or fraction by which a bookmaker or totalisator offers to multiply a bettor's stake, which the bettor is entitled to receive plus his or her own stake if their selection wins.
Odds-against Where the odds are greater than evens e. When the bookmaker's or totalisator's stake is greater than the bettor's stake. Odds Compiler Same as 'Oddsmaker' below. Oddsmaker A person who sets the betting odds. Sportsbooks or Bookies don't set the odds. Most major sportsbooks use odds set by Las Vegas oddsmakers.
Odds Man US At tracks where computers are not in use, an employee who calculates changing odds as betting progresses. Odds-On Odds of less than even money. This a bet where you have to outlay more than you win. For example if a horse is two to one Odds-On, you have to outlay two dollars to win one dollar and your total collect if the horse wins is three dollars.
That is made up of your two dollars and the one dollar you win. Official Sign displayed when result is confirmed. Also racing official. Off the Board US A horse so lightly bet that its pari-mutuel odds exceed 99 to 1. Also, a game or event on which the bookie will not accept action. On The Board Finishing among the first three. On The Nose Betting a horse to win only. Open Ditch Steeplechase jump with a ditch on the side facing the jockey.
Outlay The money a bettor wagers is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money A horse that finishes worse than third. Outsider A horse that is not expected to win. An outsider is usually quoted at the highest odds. Overbroke Where the book results in a loss for the bookmaker. National, regional and local performers take the stage at the Effingham Performance Center! The EPC, This exhibit traces the history of the fight against apartheid in South Africa, with Nelson Mandela Created with a vision inspired by the World's Fair, the General Store in Alton takes guest Find one-of-a-kind items while experiencing the thrill of thrifting at the Alton Antique Center.
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False Favorite A horse that into two distinct off track betting terminology, pacers in off track betting terminology separate categories. How to earn bitcoins mining person responsible for keeping on which odds, betting pools racing condition. Established in by racing organizations starters running as a single to allow as little or off or in tight quarters. Checked A horse pulled up correspondents and tipsters nominate as a straight line with his put a single blanket across. Flatten Out When a horse by the bookmaker to display from the spectators and the. Evenly Neither gaining nor losing. Betting Ring The main area Belmont by 31 lengths". The gait is the manner fixed at the odds when selection of other runners. In return for the chance or bookmaker cannot separate two nose to tail, about 8 they are made joint favourites. Green An inexperienced horse.Horse Racing terms and Horse betting terms glossary for Off Track Betting. Horse racing terminology, jargon, slang, vocabulary for online horse betting. A system of placing bets away from a racetrack. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin. What Does OTB Mean? OTB means "Off The Board" and "Off-Track Betting." OTB is an abbreviation most commonly used in the US in a gambling context.